Valley Heights Locomotive Depot Heritage Museum

Operated by…
Valley Heights Loco Depot Heritage Museum logoValley Heights Steam Tramway logo

Large Exhibits

Steam Tram motor 103A

About the exhibit

Operational exhibit

TYPE — 0-4-0 ENCLOSED SADDLE TANK STEAM ENGINE — 121 IN CLASS

Sydney steam tram motor 103A, built 1891, operated at the Parramatta Park Steam Tramway until the arson attack at the museum in June 1993. The fire destroyed most stock, and 103A's wooden cab was incinerated at this time but the remainder of the loco was salvaged for restoration and moved to Valley Heights, where a new cab has been built. Restoration was completed in 2005.

The tram motor runs with trailer 93B. See the events calendar for details of when the tram and trailer are running.

Custodian

Steam Tram and Railway Preservation (Co-op) Society trading as Valley Heights Steam Tramway

History

In 1879, steam operated tramways were introduced in Sydney, under the control of the Railway Commissioner. Similarly operated systems were later used in Newcastle, Maitland, Broken Hill and between East Maitland-Morpeth, Parramatta-Castle Hill, Campbelltown-Camden and Sutherland-Cronulla. The Sydney and Newcastle systems were eventually electrified but the others, including three isolated lines in Sydney, Sutherland-Cronulla, Arncliffe-Bexley and Kogarah-Sans Souci, were steam worked until their closure. The Campbelltown-Camden and East Maitland-Morpeth lines were eventually operated as light railways and used steam tram motors for a period of their existence.

Heritage

This exhibit is listed on the NSW State Heritage Register which contains additional information about the exhibit.

Technical

The "motors" as the locomotives are called were of a standard design, introduced by the Baldwin Locomotive Works and 100 came from that firm. The remainder were built locally, either by contractors or in the Tramway Department's workshops.

      Cylinders    11 in x 16 in    279 mm x 406 mm
  Driving wheels   3 ft   914 mm
  Boiler pressure   130 PSI   896 kPa
  Tractive effort   5700 lb   2585 kg
  Total weight   14 tons 1 cwt   14.3 t

Text from Century Plus of Locomotives, © Australian Railway Historical Society, 1965. Used by permission.

More information and photos

Australian Steam — Preserved Steam Locomotives Down Under — New South Wales - Private & Industrial

Steam tram motor 1A Powerhouse Museum Collection

Sydney Steam Motor Tram, Wikipedia, accessed 2018-04-18